Branching geometry of lightning and roots

Nature tends to create efficient branching patterns for fluid or electric current flow, as seen in rivers, circulatory systems, lungs, trees, and electrical discharges. Dr. Adrian Bejan's Constructal Law states that systems evolve to better facilitate the currents passing through them, ensuring their persistence over time. In simpler terms, structures in nature adapt for smoother flow of fluids or energy, promoting longevity.