In control theory and system dynamics, damped systems are classified based on the behavior of their response to a disturbance or input.

  • Overdamped: The system returns to equilibrium without oscillating.
  • Critically damped: The system returns to equilibrium as quickly as possible without oscillating.
  • Underdamped: The system oscillates (at reduced frequency compared to theundamped case) with the amplitude gradually decreasing to zero.
  • Undamped: The system oscillates at its natural resonant frequency (ωo).

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