Researcher studies importance of synchrony in ecological systems such as food webs (2018, University of Kansas)
"Synchrony is when multiple populations in different places all fluctuate in the same way," said Daniel Reuman, professor of ecology & evolutionary biology. "One of the causes of population synchrony is synchrony of environmental variables -- like the amount of rainfall. When rainfall in different areas is correlated through time, like a drought that's spread across a large area, that will affect all populations across that area in similar ways."
Introduction to Arcadia Capella with a toy catapult project - Systems Engineering Webinar by Professor Peter L. Jackson (Head, Engineering Systems and Design Pillar at Singapore University of Technology & Design.) Tutorial: https://esd.sutd.edu.sg/40014-capella-tutorial/
Lifting Industrial Ecology Modeling to a New Level of Quality and Transparency: A Call for More Transparent Publications and a Collaborative Open Source Software Framework by Stefan Pauliuk, Guillaume Majeau‐Bettez et.al (2015)
Buddhist Meditation on the Foul, and the Body in Horror Manga - by Videshi Sutra
He clearly lays out the argument, that the Indian "philosophy" (a western term, inadequate to describe Hinduism, Buddhism, etc.) tradition is at its core therapeutic, not scientific - yet it still uses scientific techniques (many of which it pioneered: logic, epistemology, etc.).
The Navya-Nyāya darśana (system/school) of Indian logic and philosophy was founded in the 13th century by the philosopher Gangeśa Upādhyāya. Other influences were the work of earlier philosophers Vācaspati Miśra (900–980 CE) and Udayana (10th century). Nyaya means correct thinking with proper arguments & valid reasoning. Its goal is “acquiring knowledge of the reality”. It remained active in India to the 18th century.
Introduction to Knowledge Representation and Navya Nyaya - by Dr. Shrinivasa Varakhedi
Following Text is by Vikas Dhavaria from his Dhavaria blog:
Nyaya school of thought is adhered to atomistic pluralism and logical realism.
The Nyaya philosophy recognized sixteen categories and the first category is known as “Pramana” which focuses the logical and epistemological character of the Nyaya system.
Pramanas – Four independent pramanas (sources of valid knowledge)
Knowledge may be treated as cognition, apprehension, consciousness, manifestation of objects. Knowledge is of subjective and objective.
Subjective knowledge –
Objective knowledge –
Knowledge may be valid (prama) or invalid (aprama).
Valid knowledge (Prama)
Invalid knowledge (Aprama)
Direct and immediate cognition produced by the interaction between the object and sense-organs.
Four elements are necessary:
Two types of perception:
Ordinary Perception (two types – external and internal)
Again, perceptions are divided in three sorts-
Extra ordinary perception
It is a perception that provides knowledge even without the senses object contact.
Three types of extra ordinary perception
2. Inference (anumana)
anumana, anu (after) + mana (cognition)
Anumana or inference is such knowledge which follows from other knowledge.
Constituents of inference
An inference is constituted with at least three sentences and these
are again constituted of
Major Premise : All things which have smoke (middle/hetu) have fire (major/sadhya).
Minor Premise : This hill (minor/paksha) has smoke (middle/hetu).
Conclusion : Therefore, this hill has fire.
In an inference, knowledge of and object is derived due to previous knowledge of some sign or mark. The previous knowledge is due to the universal relation between the major term and the middle term is being present in the minor term.
Types of Inference
Inference for others consists of five constituents:
Smoke, the middle term appears three times. Therefore, it is also known as “tritiyanlinga paramarsa”.
3. Upamana (Comparison)
Upa (similarity) + mana (cognition) means… the similarity between the things and objects.
Four steps involved:
4. Verbal Testimony (Sabda)
Sabda is the instructive assertion of a reliable person.
Example: A local fisherman tells about the depth of river.
Kinds of Sabda:
Based on objects of meaning-
Based on the origin of words-
Two important components in this theory:
Effect is produced by a cause but the effect and the cause are not one and the same.
Effect is a new product comes to the existence.
Infinite numbers of self exists in the universe.
Self (no consciousness) when comes to contact with sense organs = Acquires consciousness. This acquiring produces bondage, hence aspires for liberation or salvation.
Dada (ダダ) are a humanoid alien race that attacked Earth and started abducting humans to advance some form of research. A character from the Japanese TV show "Utraman".
Jun Tsuji (辻 潤) (1884 - 1944) was a Japanese writer, translator, theater actor, musician, monk and philosopher of anarchism, egoism, nihilism, Dada and Buddhism. There is a book about him - by Erana Jae Taylor, a collection of poems (PDF) and more poems.
The Art Of Nothingness: Dada, Taoism, And Zen - by Erin Megan Lochmann (2011) (PDF)
Abstract: When examining the art, actions, and writings of Zurich Dadaists it becomes apparent that there is an affinity with Eastern thought, namely Taoism and Zen Buddhism. It cannot be said that Eastern thought directly influenced the artistic production of these Dadaists. However, the philosophy of Dada artists in Zurich mirrors that of Taoism and Zen so strongly that this connection cannot be ignored.
Was Japanese Dada Even Tougher Than Its European Versions? - by Blake Gopnik (2016)
"Today’s Pic illuminates an arm of the international Dada movement about which I was totally ignorant – its Japanese arm. I’m showing the cover of a 1924 issue of the Japanese Dada journal called Mavo, edited by Tatsuo Okada and the Berlin-trained Tomoyoshi Murayama. Mavo originally came with a firecracker attached to its cover: How many museums or libraries would want that detail “read” outloud in their halls?"
MAVO was a radical Japanese art movement of the 1920s. The group used an interdisciplinary array of art, to communicate anti-establishment messages. Fueled by responses to industrial development, the MAVO group created works about crisis, peril and uncertainty. (wikipedia)
Photo: Swiss Ambassador to Japan Urs Bucher (left) poses for photos with "Dada," a monster in a popular TV series created as an extension of Dadaism, in Tokyo.
#Comment: Given that Apple's Airpods are an absolute environmental disaster (very short lifespan & many components are un-recyclable), this story is a wonderful illustration of the mechanics of late capitalism: the bigger the pollution, the bigger the profits. Future historians will come to see Apple & co as deeply regressive entities, ridding the tail-end of collapsing mass-consumerism culture.
"China is poised to tackle the hardest phase in securing a full victory in the anti-poverty battle in 2020 as it enters the homestretch in achieving the first centenary goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. [...] In 2019, more than 10 million people were expected to shake off poverty. [...] By the end of 2019, the poverty headcount ratio in the areas has fallen to 2% from 8.2% in 2018. "
More talks by Don Myers:
Taoist Learning: Intellectual VS. Embodied Knowledge
"Initially it doesn't matter what you practice, just that you do practice. Start with breathing, relation, proper posture, and body alignment." - Bruce Frantzis
"What you practice, you become" - Liu Hung Chieh
From a memo by Facebook VP Andrew Bosworth: "So was Facebook responsible for Donald Trump getting elected? I think the answer is yes, but not for the reasons anyone thinks. He didn't get elected because of Russia or misinformation or Cambridge Analytica. He got elected because he ran the single best digital ad campaign I've ever seen from any advertiser. Period." Bosworth said Trump and Brad Parscale, the digital director for Trump's 2016 campaign and now the campaign manager for the 2020 campaign, did "unbelievable work." "They weren't running misinformation or hoaxes. They weren't microtargeting or saying different things to different people. They just used the tools we had to show the right creative to each person."
Farmers are increasingly sick of high-tech tractors that are expensive to buy and usually impossible to fix yourself due to their integrated digital technology. Tractors built in 1980 or earlier cause bidding wars at auctions.